National Sections of the L5I:

The Degenerated Revolution

Chapter 15: Decline and the failure of reforms

In 1956, Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, CPSU, famously boasted to a room of outraged NATO diplomats, "Whether you like it or not, history is on our side Read more...

Appendix: Marxism, Stalinism and the theory of the state

An internal debate in the League during the 1990s focussed on the question of the process of capitalist restoration in Eastern Europe. it concluded that some of the formulations in the Degenerated Revolution had been incorrect. This Appendix was printed in Trotskyist International Number 23 as a correction

In 1956 the Hungarian Uprising demonstrated to the world both the possibility of a political revolution against Stalinist bureaucracy and the character it would take.

It showed that the ruling Communist Party, the army, the secret police and the state administration would act as agents of repression against any working class attempt to establish its own control over a state which claimed to be proletarian. Newly created fighting organisations (workers' councils, a militia) would be necessary to forcibly overthrow Stalinist tyranny. Read more...