National Sections of the L5I:

China

Chinese economy spirals downwards

China's exports in January were down 17.5 per cent on last year and imports were down by 43.1 per cent. Peter Main, just returned from China, looks at Beijing's response to the world recession. Read more...

China: Occupations and blockades force Chinese state onto defensive

The speed with which the economic downturn has hit China's export industries has led to a spate of company closures and layoffs. In the first half of the year, the Pearl River Delta is reported to have lost 67,000 small firms, those employing only a handful of workers and least able to survive even temporary drops in orders. Now, however, larger factories in the major industrial cities of Shenzhen, Dongguan and Guangzhou are facing difficulty and 9000 larger factories, from a total of 45,000, are expected to close by the end of January. The workers' response has been just as dramatic. Read more...

Downturn spreads to China

The third quarter of the year, July, August, September, should be the busiest time of the year for China's toy factories. That is when production reaches a peak so that the goods can be packed into the biggest container ships in the world in time for the Christmas markets in the US and Europe. But this year is different. Read more...

Olympics: Beijing's Festival of Reaction

The Beijing Olympic Games will showcase many feats of athletic achievement and physical prowess - but that is not their main purpose. Less than 20 years ago, the same city echoed to the sound of tanks as the Chinese Communist Party massacred its student and worker opponents. The capitalist powers were united in their condemnation and threatened sanctions and penalties, to bring the dictators down. But as soon as those dictators began to dismantle the planned economy and open the country to overseas capital, the criticism turned to praise. Read more...

Getting the measure of China

As the US economy moves into recession, Peter Main looks at the possible repercussions on China, a country that has become an icon of globalisation's dynamism in recent years. Rather than coming to the rescue of world capitalism, he argues that the coming year will see China face slackening export markets at a time when its domestic cycle is moving towards its peak. Read more...

Maoism and the Chinese Revolution

Exert from the Degenerated Revolution

The history of the CCP as the leadership of a peasant based and largely guerrilla army began with the historic defeats of the Chinese proletariat in the years 1926-30. The CCP had entered the Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang (KMT) in a subordinate role in 1923-24 having been under pressure to do so from representatives of the Communist International (CI) since 1922. On 20 March 1926 Chiang Kai-shek led a coup d'Ètat in Canton, at that time the centre of CCP influence. Through the coup Chiang, with communist compliance, disarmed the workers' militia controlled by the CCP-led Hong Kong-Canton General Strike Committee. Read more...

Tibetan riots shake Chinese occupation

Tibetans and their supporters have faced down Chinese police inside the country and disrupted torch-bearing ceremonies for the Beijing Olympics around the world to highlight their cause. Peter Main argues for the right of national self-determination of the Tibetan people Read more...

17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

Beijing has confirmed an important change of policy at the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which met in mid-October. The change was signalled by acceptance of President Hu Jintao’s policy that economic development must be guided by a “scientific outlook” in order to build a “harmonious society”. For “scientific outlook” read, “greater party control”. This represents a shift away from the policy of Hu’s predecessor, Jiang Zemin, which encouraged capitalists to expand production as fast as possible, by virtually any means. Read more...

Olympic exploitation, Olympian oppression

The Olympics mean big profits for big business, particularly the global sportswear brands and, with less than a year to go, China’s capitalists have been trying to squeeze the maximum profits from this bourgeois carnival of elitism and chauvinism. Read more...

China: From Mao to the market

Peter Main surveys the changes going on in China which are propelling it forward both economically and politically - but where is it going? Read more...

China’s move to the market

Mark Booth reviews Living with Reform: China since 1989, Timothy Cheek. Read more...

China: speculation, corruption and excessive intervention

In the aftermath of February’s dramatic collapse of the Shanghai stock market, the authorities in Beijing have issued a brochure warning investors of the possible dangers involved in investment, especially in unit trusts. These managed funds have proved to be particularly popular with less experienced investors attracted by the reported combined income of 124.8 billion yuan (some £9 billion) that the funds made in the last year. According to the Asia Times, over 300,000 new accounts were opened on just one day, March 6, and this sector now accounts for very nearly 20% of total stock market values. Read more...

China and International Perspectives

The purpose of this paper is to provide information and explanation to support the section on China in the international perspectives draft. Much of the discussion about China and its impact on the global economy necessarily involves reference to various series of statistics and these raise important questions about methodology and reliability of those statistics. For the sake of presentation, I have tried to clarify issues surrounding the use of statistics in an appendix but this should not be taken to mean that they are peripheral to the main subject matter. Read more...

The contradictions of China

At first I thought the difficulty we had trying to get into the carriage on the Shanghai metro was just more evidence of what a cosmopolitan, 21st century “world-city” Shanghai had become, rather like the traffic jams we had already fought our way through. It was only after we finally got in that the real picture became clear. Read more...

Hong Kong: Korean militants lead onslaught on WTO fortress

On the first day of the WTO meeting, demonstrators from all over South East Asia marched from Victoria Park to the prescribed demonstration strip. There were about five or six thousand demonstrators.

Groups included peasants, women, workers (in various trade union federations and confedrations), Taiwanese sex workers, and fisherfolks from S Korea, Philippines, Japan, Thailand, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Taiwan and even Mongolia! Read more...

Hong Kong: 100,000 on democracy march

A report from the League member in Hong Kong on the demonstration.
It was big: reports vary from 40,000 to 250,000; I think 100,000 minimum. We left Victoria Park with the start of the demonstration at 3:00pm, and by mobile phone accounts people were still leaving the park at 5:30. There wasn’t enough room at the final assembly point for the whole of the march to squeeze in. Read more...

Mass demonstrations in China

The Western media is full of reports of anti-Japanese demonstrations in China. But these are not the only signs of mass mobilisation in the last weeks. While nationalist marches have been tolerated by police, marches by workers and peasants are brutally repressed. Read more...

Obituary - Wang Fan-hsi, 1907-2002

Wang Fan-hsi, a key leader of the Chinese Trotskyists has died. Peter Main surveys the life and struggles of the veteran Trotskyist Read more...

China: oil workers spearhead fight

Peter Main reports on a growing revolt against capitalist restoration which threatens market reforms Read more...

Membership of WTO signals new attacks on workers

China's accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) which was agreed in Geneva on Read more...

China joins the World Trade Organisation

China's accession to WTO on November 11 is a symbolic recognition that capitalism holds sway in the country and the beginning of a new stage in the consolidation of business power. Read more...

Restoring capitalism: Planting the seeds of capitalism

How the Chinese Communist Party brought more market relations into the fields Read more...

Restoring capitalism: Enclaves of capitalism

The role of Special Export Zones in China Read more...

Restoring capitalism: The role of foreign investment in capitalist restoration

What is the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) on China's path to capitalism? Read more...

Rising protests form background to release of trade unionists

Chinese authorities have released Zhang Jingsheng and Li Wangyang, trade union organisers in Hunan province, who were jailed for their part in the 1989 workers' protests against the Tiananmen Massacre. Read more...

Restoring capitalism: Let a thousand enterprises bloom

How is capitalism growing in China? Read more...

Restoring capitalism in China

At its Fifth Congress this summer, the LRCI concluded that capitalism had been restored in China by 1996 and that this was made possible by changes in the class character of the state in 1992. But why has the triumph of capitalism in China not been accompanied by the same political upheaval as in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union? Read more...

Workers resist drive towards capitalism

Striking Chinese miners occupied a town and fought street battles with police for three days in February. The occupation of Yangjiazhangzi, in China's north eastern province of Liaoning, was only brought to an end after detachments of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) forced the 20,000 workers to retreat. Read more...

Two million workers strike in China

A wave of strikes and demonstrations has rocked China since the beginning of the year. In July, in the province of Sichuan, the struggle reached a new peak. According to reports monitored in Hong Kong, over 100,000 workers were involved in the protests, which began in late June in response to the closure of three state-owned textile plants in the city of Mianyang. Read more...

China: Stalinists draw near their capitalist goal

The last five years have seen a major change of gear in the Stalinists‘ drive towards capitalism, argues Peter Main Read more...

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